GUATEMALA:¬†Marked by allegations of corruption and political uncertainty, the country‚Äôs general¬†election¬†took place yesterday. Among a crowded field of 19 presidential candidates and following the¬†barring¬†of several contenders, Sandra Torres and the National Unity of Hope (UNE) party¬†accrued 24.35 percent of the total vote. Torres, who is running on her third time, is best known for¬†serving¬†as the first lady during the administration of her then-husband √Ālvaro Colom between 2008 and 2012. Alejandro Giammattei, a former prison¬†director¬†running with the Vamos party, polled¬†second at 14.46 percent. Given that no candidate secured the majority vote yesterday and with 80% of tables counted, the run-off between Torres and Giammattei will take place on August 11.
U.S.-MEXICO BORDER: Yesterday, large crowds¬†gathered¬†in front of the nation‚Äôs largest detention facility for unaccompanied migrant minors in Homestead, Florida, to demand its closure. In a demonstration coordinated by immigrant advocacy groups and religious organizations, protesters sang Civil Rights-era songs and called the detention of underage children ‚Äúa moral¬†outrage.‚ÄĚ Advocates have filed court papers with ‚Äúprison-like‚ÄĚ descriptions of the facility, which allegedly¬†holds¬†over 3,200 unaccompanied minors.
MEXICO: As the National Guard began to patrol the southern border with Guatemala over the weekend, Mexico¬†detained¬†741 migrants on Saturday, one of the largest apprehensions in recent months. Federal agents arrested the foreign nationals as they¬†traveled¬†in the eastern state of Veracruz in four trucks. Authorities¬†reported¬†381 children under the age of eight were included in the mass detention. On Friday, the Director of Mexico‚Äôs National Immigration Institute¬†resigned¬†amid the increasing crackdown on immigrants from Central America. Tonatiuh Guill√©n did not present a reason for his departure.
CUBA:¬†Expedia Group, the online booking agency and digital travel conglomerate, agreed to¬†pay¬†over $325,000 to the U.S. government after violating travel restrictions to Cuba. A¬†memo¬†released by the Treasury Department said that Expedia¬†assisted¬†2,221 persons with Cuba-related travel services between 2011 and 2014. The sales¬†breached¬†the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, introduced in 1963 and eased until the Obama administration brokered a diplomatic breakthrough in Dec. 2014.
JAMAICA:¬†The ad-hoc board of Venezuelan state-owned oil giant PDVSA, appointed by opposition leader by Juan Guaid√≥, has¬†asked¬†the government of Jamaica not to expropriate the company‚Äôs shares in the island. The formal request sent on Saturday attempts to stop the sale of the shares, warning that Jamaica ‚Äúcannot maintain¬†any arrangements‚ÄĚ made with President Nicol√°s Maduro. In February, the Jamaican Senate¬†approved legislation to unilaterally retake ownership of 49 percent of Petrojam, Jamaica‚Äôs state refinery acquired by Venezuela in 2006 as part of late president Hugo Ch√°vez‚Äôs foreign policy in the Caribbean.
GUATEMALA:¬†Authorities¬†arrested¬†a former military chief accused of committing genocide and crimes against humanity during the country‚Äôs 36-year civil war. Yesterday, Guatemalan police apprehended Luis Enrique Mendoza Garc√≠a after he left a¬†polling¬†station in Salam√°, Baja Verapaz, a locality in northern Guatemala. Mendoza Garc√≠a, a former lawmaker, had an arrest¬†warrant¬†since 2011.
PERU:¬†A¬†record number¬†of Venezuelan migrants entered Peru over the weekend as the country prepares to tighten its border. The United Nations refugee office (UNHCR) announced that around 8,000 Venezuelans crossed the Ecuadorean-Peruvian border in¬†Tumbes, with almost 4,700 of them requesting asylum. Both statistics were¬†single-day¬†records, according to the UNHCR. New migratory¬†rules¬†imposed on Per√ļ on Saturday stipulate that Venezuelan migrants attempting to enter the country must have valid passports and visas,¬†negating¬†access to many Venezuelans who cannot afford the costs.
ECUADOR:¬†The Ecuadorean government has¬†allowed¬†the U.S. military to use the Gal√°pagos Islands as an airfield for future drug enforcement operations in the region. The volcanic archipelago, which lies about 1,000 km (621 mi) off the country‚Äôs coast, will now be accessible to¬†intelligence-gathering airplanes after President Len√≠n Moreno signed a controversial ‚Äėcooperation‚Äô agreement that detractors have labeled ‚Äúunconstitutional.‚ÄĚ
NO, se√Īor ministro. Gal√°pagos NO es un ‚Äúportaaviones‚ÄĚ para uso gringo. Es una provincia ecuatoriana, patrimonio de la humanidad, suelo patrio.
Que su alma de vasallo pueda llegar a estos extremos, describe muy bien el Gobierno al que representa.
¬°Hasta la victoria siempre! pic.twitter.com/BFnMTE8INt
‚ÄĒ Rafael Correa (@MashiRafael) June 12, 2019
Former president Rafael Correa has also harshly criticized the decision, saying that the archipelago is ‚Äúnot an ‚Äėaircraft carrier‚Äô for gringo use.‚ÄĚ
ARGENTINA/URUGUAY:¬†Massive¬†blackouts¬†hit large parts of Argentina and Uruguay yesterday. Around¬†50 million¬†people were left without electricity after a power grid that serves both countries¬†experienced¬†a technical failure. Argentinean President Mauricio Macri called¬†the blackout an ‚Äúunprecedented event‚ÄĚ and announced that further investigations would be launched into the causes of the total disconnection.
Esta ma√Īana se produjo un corte de energ√≠a el√©ctrica en todo el pa√≠s debido a una falla en el sistema de transporte del litoral, cuyas causas a√ļn no podemos precisar. Estamos trabajando para que todos puedan tener energ√≠a lo antes posible.
‚ÄĒ Mauricio Macri (@mauriciomacri) June 16, 2019
On late Sunday, utility companies in Argentina and Uruguay said that¬†98 percent¬†and¬†88 percent¬†of the power loss had been restored, respectively. The outage also¬†affected¬†parts of Paraguay, Chile, and Brazil.
PARAGUAY:¬†Marihuana seeds were¬†distributed¬†at no cost by a local nonprofit on Saturday. ‚ÄėMama Cultiva,‚Äô the Asunci√≥n-based organization, gave away around¬†500 growing kits¬†to mothers of chronically-ill patients so that cannabidiol (CBD) oil, said to alleviate pain and relieve anxiety, can be produced at home. The event, which took place at a public square in the Paraguayan capital, seeks to pressure the government of President Mario Abdo Ben√≠tez to authorize the home cultivation of the plant. Former President Horacio Cart√©s¬†created¬†a legal framework to legalize cannabis production and use, but its ratification on the legislature has been delayed since 2018.