ATLANTA (AP) â€” Amid a backdrop of Georgia patients and families who have regularly broken the law to obtain low-potency medical marijuana oil, Republican Gov. Brian Kemp on Wednesday signed legislation that will soon let patients legally buy the drug theyâ€™re already allowed to possess.
Kemp approved what he called a â€ścarefully crafted, balancedâ€ť measure, saying it would expand access for patients in need without opening the door to recreational drug use.
â€śInstead of crossing state lines, breaking numerous laws in the process, these families can now stay in our great state,â€ť Kemp said. â€śWe are ensuring that these families can purchase what works for their loved ones without creating a slippery slope.â€ť
The Republican-controlled legislature approved the measure despite objection from many Georgia sheriffs.
The legislation allows the in-state production and sale of the marijuana oil and closes a loophole in a 2015 law that banned growing, buying and selling the drug but allowed certain patients to possess it.
Current state law allows people with 16 specific conditions, including cancer, seizure disorders and Parkinsonâ€™s disease, to possess cannabis oil with less than 5 percent THC, the chemical that gets users high.
Kempâ€™s spokesman, Cody Hall, said the law takes effect July 1.
It grants up to six growing licenses to private companies â€” two for larger organizations and four for smaller organizations. It also gives pharmacies priority for distributing the drug, but allows a state commission to seek out independent retail locations if it determines there is a need. The commission can also attempt to legally obtain the oil from other states. Two universities will be allowed to seek federal approval to research and produce the oil.
The Republican-controlled legislature approved the measure despite objection from many Georgia sheriffs, who â€śabsolutely do not supportâ€ť allowing so many private producers to grow marijuana to produce the oil, said Terry Norris, executive director of the Georgia Sheriffâ€™s Association.
â€śThis bill is a decisive step toward recreational marijuana whether our leadership at the state level agrees or not,â€ť Norris said, adding that heâ€™s concerned about low regulation and over-production of the drug. Norris said he hopes the state commission overseeing the production and distribution of the oil will be vigilant about these issues.
Republican Rep. Micah Gravley of Douglasville, the billâ€™s author, has repeatedly denied his bill will lead to the legalization of recreational marijuana.
Thirty-four states already have comprehensive medical marijuana programs, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Georgia is among at least 12 other states that allow patients to possess a lower potency form of the drug.
â€śOverall, itâ€™s a step forward. History has been made in Georgia,â€ť said Corey Lowe, who has been using the oil to contain her teenage daughterâ€™s seizures since 2014.
â€śA lot of people said itâ€™s the Bible Belt, weâ€™re in the South. Everything was against us,â€ť said Lowe. She added: â€śI just thought that it wouldnâ€™t be in my lifetime.â€ť
Shannon Cloud came to the Capitol several times this session to advocate for the proposal. She arrived at the bill signing with her 13-year-old daughter, who her mother said suffers from seizures as a result of Dravet syndrome, a rare lifelong form of epilepsy that has also impaired her mental development.
Cloud said in a recent interview that she and other parents are satisfied with the measure and relieved to know they will have access to the drug.
There are currently about 8,400 people signed up on the programâ€™s registry for a low THC Oil Registry Card.
â€śI think those numbers will jump up pretty quickly and more people will get help,â€ť Cloud said. â€śA lot of people havenâ€™t bothered to get the card because they donâ€™t have a way to get (the drug).â€ť