CBD, an abbreviation of cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis and hemp plants, is going viral across the globe. Hailed for its natural anecdotal anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties, CBD is being added to everything from skin care to food. However, CBD is just one of the hundreds of compounds inherent to the cannabis plant. Even though THC and CBD are garnering all the buzz, there are myriad other cannabis compounds which can help alleviate a plethora of symptoms â€“including CBN.
What is CBD?
Innumerable outlets report that CBD is non-psychoactive. Whoever is parroting this term is incorrect. CBD is psychoactive to a much lesser degree than THC; however, it is non-intoxicating, for the most part. People in 12-step or other substance abuse recovery programs report feeling â€śsomethingâ€ť on high doses of CBD, because not all CBD products are equal. Therefore consumers who do not wish to get high must be careful to choose a reputable brand with a proven below .03% THC content.
CBD, when extracted from hemp, rather than marijuana plants, is much safer in terms of the lower levels of psychoactivity.
What is CBN?
“WeÂ found that CBN slightly prolongs the sleep time in barbiturate-induced sleep in mice. There is no current information that I am aware of that proves CBN is a sedative, even though it is already being marketed as such,” says Zoe Sigman one of the principle researchers atÂ Project CBD, a leading non-profit CBD information site.
CBN â€“an abbreviation of Cannabinolâ€“ comes from the oxidation and decomposition of THC from a hemp plant, meaning that when THC is heated and exposed to Co2 (oxygen), it converts to CBN. The compound has a mild psychoactive response, slightly more so than CBD but much less than THC.
“The pharmacokinetics ofÂ CBN seems to be in between 1/6 and 1/10 of the potency of the CBD-1 receptor that THC is,” Sigman elaborates. “It could be a more stable terpene than other terpenes, but I am not sure,” she admits.
Nap time and the munchies.Â
CBN and CBD, either individually or combined, potentially help alleviate insomnia by causing an overall sense of mind and body tranquility and relaxation. Think of it as natureâ€™s Xanax or valium.
According to Mary magazine’s blog, while CBN purportedly has a sedative effect in most users, CBD purportedly tends to cause a feeling of alertness rather than sluggishness, the morning after bedtime consumption.
CBN and CBD are acutely different when it comes to their effect on most consumersâ€™ appetites. While CBD can act as a mild appetite suppressant, CBN tends to stimulate oneâ€™s appetite.
Both CBN and CBD are known anecdotally to relieve symptoms of pain and inflammation, by potentially altering pain signals that the brain receives. One way to take advantage of these compoundsâ€™ pain-relieving properties is to apply a product topically to the affected area directly. By topically applying rather than consuming these compounds, and bypassing the digestive system and liver, consumers lower the potential risk of interactions with prescription drugs. CBD may have contra-indications with a vast array of pharmaceuticals, including Warfarin or other blood thinners.
Whatever the intended usage of either compound, a patient should always consult a qualified doctor, before consuming any natural remedy or supplement that potentially has unforeseen contraindications. With the recent explosion in CBD products, less scrupulous vendors that are looking to cash in on the latest fad, may not produce a high-quality product that is lab tested for purity. Even worse, the CBD may contain useless amounts or dangerous additives.
One such vendor was called out by Consumer Reports when â€śResearchers at Virginia Commonwealth University found that the products, all from Diamond CBD, a publicly traded company, contained a compound called 5F-ADB. That compound, often found in illegal synthetic marijuana products such as â€śK2â€ť and â€śSpice,â€ť can trigger paranoia and panic attacks, increase heart rate and blood pressure, and cause convulsions, organ damage, and even death, according to theÂ Drug Enforcement Agency.â€ť
Additionally, exercise caution when consuming product hybrids, such as CBD + Melatonin. As CBD is unregulated by the FDA and has not undergone any US Clinical trials, it is unwise to take a mixture of supplements, before bedtime. Try one or the other, before trying a combination.