(KUTV) â€” What you put into your body while pregnant can affect your babyâ€™s development. This is why marijuana is not recommended during pregnancy. Whether youâ€™re smoking, vaping, or eating it, there is no safe way to use marijuana during pregnancy.
â€śWhether youâ€™re inhaling it or itâ€™s coming through your GI tract, eventually it goes into your blood stream and then once anything goes into your blood stream it can cross the placenta and also to the baby,â€ť says Torri Metz, MD, Director of Perinatal Research at the University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Dr. Metz says current data shows marijuana use during pregnancy is likely harmful.
â€śThere are a number studies that demonstrate that marijuana is potentially associated with decreased fetal growth. There is also a lot of concern that it causes adverse effects on the babyâ€™s brain development as the pregnancy progresses,â€ť says Dr. Metz.
Another concern is that exposure to marijuana increases a babyâ€™s risk of having to be in neonatal intensive care unit after birth. Some studies have followed kids over time after being exposed to marijuana in utero and found those children have decreased academic performance and other concerns related to neurologic function.
For women who use marijuana during pregnancy to help with problems such as anxiety, nausea, or depression, itâ€™s strongly encouraged to talk with your provider about alternative treatments.
â€śIf women tell the physician that then I think a lot of times we can recommend something that we know is safe and that we know is effective for that problem,â€ť says Dr. Metz.
While it may seem like a safer option, CBD oil is also discouraged.
â€śWe do know from some work in Colorado thatâ€™s be done that a lot of these products that say that theyâ€™re CBD oil only, are actually not. When you go in and analyze them, there are components of THC as well,â€ť says Dr. Metz.
Another recommendation is for new moms. They are encouraged to avoid all types of marijuana if they choose to breastfeed.
â€śIâ€™m honest with women to say that we donâ€™t have a lot of studies looking at how much marijuana crosses into the breastmilk, but we know that it does,â€ť says Dr. Metz.